10 Ways to Plan(t) a Resilient Climate Change Landscape
1. Plan and design for smart water use.
This includes using drought-tolerant plants, irrigation systems that deliver water directly to the roots of plants through well designed drip systems and also can incorporate rainwater harvesting as a substitute for using water from the local supply source. Some people are also using rain barrels to collect water and add hoses to water their gardens without connecting to the tap.
By choosing organic fertilizer and reducing the use of chemical fertilizers, you’ll be on your way to creating healthier soil, and improving plant health.
3. Reduce turf and other water-wasting plants.
The use of Turf or Lawn can have its own negative side effects although many still love to have a green lawn outside their home or in the back yard. Unfortunately, the risks with having a lawn includes the possibility of toxic chemicals entering into the ground after the use of synthetic fertilizers, weed killers or even oil or gas spills from equipment used to maintain turf. This can locally enter the water supply, so it’s best to avoid it altogether or reduce it as much as possible. By reducing the amount of turf you have is s sign of responsible stewardship and looking out for the environment.
4. Include a variety of plants, flowers, and vegetables.
A diverse landscape is more resilient to changes in the environment. The variety of plants can also bring more beneficial insects to your local area and improve reproduction of vegetables and fruit bearing trees or shrubs. It is also important to try to install plants that will not require pesticides or synthetic fertilizer. If you use pesticides on your plants, shrubs or trees you may end up causing issues for local insects or honey bees.
5. Choose the right plants.
Soil conditions, exposure, and available water levels all influence what will work in your garden. Having more plants with less exposed soil and reduction in lawns will help. The integration of native species into your garden is also a great idea. Planting varieties that fit your local environment will benefit the local bird or insects in your area.
6. Group plants and flowers together based on their water needs.
Think water efficiency when planning your garden. Home gardeners can make big strides in reducing the negative impact of climate change by grouping plants together this way. If you find areas with naturally occuring underground water sources or areas with poor drainage, this can be a great area to plant shrubs or trees that like wet feet.
7. Think vertically; add trees to your landscape.
Trees are a great habitat for birds and other local animals as well as provide valuable shade that will cool your property. They also will reduce soil erosion and hold slopes in place.
The use of Compost or Aged Mulch will help to conserve moisture and keep the roots of plants cool in hot weather. It also reduces weeds, which compete with plants for water and nutrients.